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Blanc International II - SIMI 1 - Mathématiques & Interactions (Blanc Inter II SIMI 1) 2011
Projet LODIQUAS

modelisation et simulation numerique pour les systemes quantiques de basse dimension.

This project is dedicated to the mathematical modelling and numerical simulation of stationary and time dependent NonLinear Schrödinger equations (NLS) for quantum mechanical systems that are confined in one or more space dimensions. Such systems, like the 2DEG (2 dimensional electron gas) or 1DBEC (one dimensional Bose Einstein Condensates) are interesting both from the theoretical point of view and for applications like quantum semi-conductors or atom-chips.
A recent exciting application is graphene, a two dimensional state of carbon that has very interesting properties. The first experimental realization has recently been awarded a Nobel prize. This project is one of the first systematic approaches to the mathematical modelling and simulations of graphene

The dimension reduction can result from a (e.g. spherical) symmetry or a translational invariance in one or two space dimensions or from a confinement of the quantum particles in one, two (“quantum wires”) or even 3 space dimensions (“quantum dots”).
The confinement can be described by adding in the Hamilton operator a confining potential with a small parameter, e.g. an anisotropic harmonic oscillator potential or homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions in some direction(s). The small parameter limit then yields the correct asymptotic model.

Despite their widespread use, the mathematical derivation of Schrödinger equations describing such confined systems has been started only recently, with important contributions from the French participants of this project.
We bring together French and Austrian applied mathematicians working both on the rigorous justification and mathematical analysis of such low dimensional models and their numerical methods and simulations. We add some of the top Austrian experimental physicists (all of them full members the Wolfgang Pauli Institute (WPI)) who indeed use such NLS models and simulations for state of the art experiments with such fermionic and bosonic systems.

No experiments are funded in the context of this project, we aim at recalibrating modelling and numerical methods in direct dialogue and comparison of experiment and numericsal simulation.

The funding of this ANR-FWF project will mainly finance positions for Postdocs (2 x 2 years) and PhD student(s) (2 x 1.5 years) as well as “networking money” (travel, research stays, visiting experts).

The project coordinator and the WPI have an excellent experience in leading international interdisciplinary projects on PDEs with application in physics, like the large European network HYKE or the Marie Curie training multi-site DEASE. The WPI has very strong scientific links with France, it even carries an UMI of the CNRS in Vienna, the “Institut CNRS Pauli”, where French mathematicians can stay for periods of 6 – 12 months with a “(delegation-)detachement” of their French position.

The IRMAR is one of the larger French mathematics institutes, with a strong applied math section well experienced in grants like ANR projects. The more senior French participants, including the French coordinator, have been participating in the WPI coordinated projects like HYKE, the scientific collaboration is also documented by joint French-Austrian publications and PhD theses in co-tutelle and post-doctoral training which are one of the deliveries of this project.

Partenaires

IRMAR UNIVERSITE DE RENNES I

WPI Wolfgang Pauli Institut, Universite de Vienne

Aide de l'ANR 206 519 euros
Début et durée du projet scientifique - 36 mois

 

Programme ANR : Blanc International II - SIMI 1 - Mathématiques & Interactions (Blanc Inter II SIMI 1) 2011

Référence projet : ANR-11-IS01-0003

Coordinateur du projet :
Monsieur francois CASTELLA (UNIVERSITE DE RENNES I)
francois.castella@nulluniv-rennes1.fr

 

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L'auteur de ce résumé est le coordinateur du projet, qui est responsable du contenu de ce résumé. L'ANR décline par conséquent toute responsabilité quant à son contenu.