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Projects and Results2013 and previous editionsSustainable Energy

2013 and previous editions

Sustainable Energy

The European and global energy policies are now dominated by the question of global change. This has a very strong influence on the establishing of technological road maps and the strategic orientations of research in the medium and long term. Investment in low-carbon, low-pollution technologies that make efficient use of raw materials has become one of the major instruments to encourage new processes of economic growth and adapt our societies to the ongoing changes. It is necessary to create and develop new modes of industrial production, urban organisation and transport that allow the use of alternative energy sources and massively reduce greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions. It is also necessary to better monitor the quality of the environment and how it evolves.

The scientific and technological challenges of the Sustainable Energy Department's thematic programmes can be broken down as follows:

  • the need to make not only technological but also organisational leaps in terms of energy and environmental efficiency to achieve greenhouse gas emission reduction targets (in buildings, transport and industry),
  • the increase in renewable energies in the energy mix, and more particularly photovoltaics and bioenergies,
  • the emergence of decentralised modes of energy distribution and storage,
  • a more sustainable method of town management.

The 2011-2013 programme planning for energy interlinks the logics of scientific dynamics (notably in the applications of materials science for energy or in the ICSTs) and approaches favouring energy vector/use combinations. This context should enhance the attractiveness and scientific legibility of the calls for proposals with respect to more fundamental disciplines (nanomaterials and nanoprocesses, mathematics, chemistry, etc.), while allowing exploration of frontiers and fostering the search for synergies between domains (for example in the electrochemical domain between accumulators and fuel cells, or in the electrical domain between power electronics and intelligent networks, etc.).

Research programmes

This programme planning is broken down into:

  • three large "vertical" programmes centred chiefly on the three major energy vectors, namely carbonated carbons (BioME - Bio-Materials and Energy), heat (SEED – Efficient & Decarbonised Energy Systems) and electricity (PROGELEC – Sustainable Electricity Production and Management),
  • two "horizontal" programmes on "Sustainable Transport and Mobility" (TDM) and on "Sustainable Cities and Buildings" (VBD), whose scopes go beyond the sole issue of energy. These two programmes aim to favour the systemic approaches and the multidisciplinary integrated projects, notably between engineering science and the social sciences and humanities. They also include the development of the associated technological bricks.