International cooperation > Instruments of cooperation
In all the methods of cooperation offered by the ANR, each country funds its own national teams.
Joint calls for proposals in which the text of the call is drafted together, as are the submission, evaluation and selection procedures for the research projects. They are used in certain bilateral and multilateral partnerships such as:
Bilateral cooperation in which projects are submitted and evaluated in parallel with each agency. The countries then agree on which projects to co-fund.
A particular method of opening a programme based on mutual transparency and trust, in which a shared project is prepared and submitted to one single agency, which takes charge of peer reviews and evaluating and selecting the projects on behalf of the two countries.
Outside of the scope of the agreements between the ANR and foreign funding agencies, it is possible to submit a project proposal with one or more foreign partner(s) to the generic call for proposals. The foreign partner should provide its own funding and is invited to make clear in the scientific proposal: