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ANR funded project

(DS0803) 2016
Projet CAGE

Collective Agreements for Gender Equality

The CAGE project aims at evaluating the efficiency of collective bargaining on professional gender equality. As a matter of fact, it is through the negotiation of firm-level agreements that the legislator seeks to engage firms to act for gender equality and, since the early 2000’s, several reforms have been enacted to better support collective bargaining in this field.

In this context, we propose a multi-disciplinary approach where sociology, economics and modern history interact closely, to achieve two main goals: (i) to contribute to the knowledge and the understanding of collective bargaining for workplace gender equality in French firms and of how it has evolved in relation with legislative changes; (ii) to test whether the last decade of legislative changes has been effective in reducing workplace gender inequalities and to examine the circumstances under which these changes have proven most effective.

To reach these objectives, we intend to exploit the text corpora on professional gender equality in an innovative way, with the idea to start building a research infrastructure allowing to assess the effectiveness of bargaining obligations and outcomes. The project plans to design a measurement framework for assessing the quality of gender equality texts and to apply it to a representative sample of texts that generate social norms in the field of professional gender equality (laws, branch collective agreements, company collective agreements and unilateral action plans). The access to the resulting database will be opened to the research community and the methods developed could be subsequently extended to other bargaining topics and to other countries.

Another originality of our proposal lies in the willingness to analyse in an integrated way combining qualitative and quantitative methods the production dynamics of texts at the employer level and their impacts on a set of gender outcome gaps. Our text corpora database will then be matched with different data sources at the firm- or establishment-level. We plan to exploit the DARES statistical database of agreements (D@ccord) to have information on the whole set of agreements concluded over the period 2006-2013. Supplementary information on personnel management policies, wage policies, the presence and the nature of employee representatives, the conduct of bargaining or the existence of collective disputes within establishments will be gathered by matching D@ccord with the REPONSE surveys conducted in 2005 and 2011. The characteristics of the establishments in terms of wage distribution, workforce composition or worker flows will be available through the DADS files (Déclarations Annuelles de Données Sociales) over the 2006-2013 period. At last, we will extract information on access to training broken down by gender and occupation using the 24-83 fiscal record over the same period of study.

This will allow us to better know the contextual elements of the gender equality bargaining and to analyse quantitatively dynamics of texts’ production processes. We will establish a taxonomy of the different gender equality bargaining configurations and then conduct fieldwork to examine in depth the bargaining processes in each of the identified categories of bargaining situations. In the course of this work, we plan to associate a network of institutional actors and stakeholders involved in collective bargaining.

Our data base will also allow us to analyse the effect of bargaining outcomes on a set of measures of gender inequalities, in terms of wages, access to employment or training incidence. In this respect, we will address carefully the identification issues, to assess precisely the causal effect of the incidence and content bargaining outcomes on gender inequalities.


CHS Centre d'histoire sociale du XXe siècle

CITERES Cités territoires environnement et sociétés

Clersé Centre Lillois d'Etudes et de Recherches Economiques et Sociologiques

Cnam Conservatoire national des arts et métiers

GAINS Groupe d’Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux

ANR grant: 264 462 euros
Beginning and duration: octobre 2016 - 36 mois


ANR Programme: (DS0803) 2016

Project ID: ANR-16-CE26-0019

Project coordinator:
Madame Nathalie Greenan (Conservatoire national des arts et métiers)


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The project coordinator is the author of this abstract and is therefore responsible for the content of the summary. The ANR disclaims all responsibility in connection with its content.