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ANR funded project

Défi de tous les savoirs (DS10)
Edition 2015


OSCAR


Original Sub-millimeter Chirped pulse instrumentation for Astrochemical Reactivity

OSCAR
Original Sub-millimeter Chirped pulse instrumentation for Astrochemical Reactivity

Rotational spectroscopy for the study of low temperature gas-phase reactions
The development and validation of a novel spectroscopic method to study the formation of a wide range of product species from reactions which are considered to be important in astrochemical environments. The aim is to investigate the rotational spectroscopy of a wide range of radicals and stable molecules in the submillimeter range.

High resolution broadband rotational spectroscopy.
Chirped pulse broadband spectroscopy through two different instrument types. (I) An all electronic spectrometer employing a submillimeter amplified multiplier chain and subharmonic mixer system. (II) An optoelectronic spectrometer using LT-GaAs based photomixers in a pulsed regime to attain submillimeter wavelength range operation.

Results

The chirped pulse broadband electronic instrument has been constructed and is functional. Its capabilities have been tested by studying the spectroscopy of stable molecules such as OCS and CH3OH in the 190-210 GHz range.

Outlook

The chirped pulse broadband all electronic instrument will be applied to the detection of radical species at the end of 2017. This will provide a rigorous test of the instrument sensitivity. The all electronic spectrometer will be coupled with the Bordeaux Laval nozle apparatus in 2018 to investigate low temperature reactivity.

Scientific outputs and patents

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Partners

IEMN Institut d'Electronique, de Microelctronique et de nanotechnologie

ISM Institut des Sciences Moléculaires

LPCA Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie de l'Atmosphère

ANR grant: 589 999 euros
Beginning and duration: février 2016 - 48 mois

Submission abstract

The ultimate goal of in gas-phase kinetics experiments is to characterize the reactive process under investigation in the fullest possible sense, through the precise determination of its reaction rate and the quantitative detection of products and intermediates over as wide a temperature range as possible. In particular, the study of chemical reactivity at low temperature is an area which has attracted considerable attention in recent years. The improving sensitivity and spatial resolution of modern telescopes continue to allow an ever increasing number of complex molecules to be identified in astronomical environments which were previously thought to be bereft of all but the most simple species. The study of how molecules form and evolve at such low temperatures is the primary objective of astrochemistry. Significant advances have been made in this field over the last few decades through the application of sophisticated techniques allowing low temperatures to be reached whilst maintaining appreciable concentrations of reactive species in the gas-phase. In this way, chemical reactivity can be investigated at temperatures which are directly relevant for astrochemical environments. Whilst the measurement of reaction rates for simple bimolecular reactions over a wide temperature range is relatively straightforward in the present day and age, the same cannot be said of studies targeting product formation. Such measurements are very rare indeed at low temperature due the distinct lack of a suitable universal method allowing multiple product species to be followed simultaneously in a quantitative manner.
To address this issue we propose to combine state-of-the-art methods in rotational spectroscopy and low temperature chemical reactivity, whilst developing in parallel a prototype instrument for future spectroscopic applications at higher frequencies. The project can be organized into 3 main scientific aims.
1) The development and validation of a broadband high resolution electronic spectrometer in the sub-millimeter wavelength range (SMM) to investigate the rotational spectroscopy of a wide range of radicals and stable molecules.
This instrument will be conceived with its future application to gas-phase spectroscopy and low temperature reactivity in mind. Its initial performance will be enhanced through the rotational spectroscopy of stable molecules. Its capabilities will be tested through the detection of photochemically produced radical species at ambient temperatures.
2) The deployment of the SMM instrument on a state of the art flow reactor capable of attaining low temperatures whilst avoiding problems associated with condensation and wall reactions.
The application of the SMM instrument to the study of low temperature reactivity will be validated initially by the low temperature spectroscopy of stable species in the flow reactor, before demonstrating the power of this combined method through spectroscopic studies of cluster formation. Finally, we will use the combined instrument to study chemical reactivity at low temperature, simultaneously following the formation of (multiple) reaction products and reagent loss for specific test reactions over a wide temperature range.
3) The development and the validation of a ground-breaking spectrometer using optoelectronic conversions to overcome the limitations of purely electronic devices.
While maintaining the high spectral resolution of the all-electronic instrument, the optoelectronic spectrometer will also present a much higher instantaneous bandwidth and a better continuous tunability along with the potential to work at much higher frequencies. Consequently, a wider range of molecular species could be investigated in a shorter time

 

ANR Programme: Défi de tous les savoirs (DS10) 2015

Project ID: ANR-15-CE29-0017

Project coordinator:
Monsieur Kevin HICKSON (Institut des Sciences Moléculaires)

Project web site: https://lpca.univ-littoral.fr/recherche/programmes/anr-oscar/

 

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The project coordinator is the author of this abstract and is therefore responsible for the content of the summary. The ANR disclaims all responsibility in connection with its content.