The French National Research Agency Projects for science

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ANR funded project

Améliorer la Santé par la médecine personnalisée, le diagnostic, la prévention et la thérapie, les stratégies palliatives, en concevant le vivant dans son environnement (DS0402) 2014
Projet SHAPES

A multi-disciplinary study of human beings, great apes and disease emergence in equatorial Africa: Social sciences perspectives on cross-species contacts

This multi-disciplinary study examines the changing nature and contexts of human contact with great apes and monkeys in equatorial Africa and the health consequences of that contact. The nature of “contact” has been addressed by biomedical researchers, but not by social scientists. We will bring together historical, anthropological, geographic and biological analyses to provide a fuller description of how contact, its nature and significance have changed over time and shaped human health. This social sciences study will insert the complexity and variability of human practice and historical, geographical processes into studies of zoonotic transmission and disease emergence. Focusing on selected diseases that have emerged in part through human-nonhuman primate interactions, our study will offer robust multi-disciplinary, social sciences understanding of past dynamics of disease emergence and insight into present and future ones. We will set the foundation for a metagenomic study of enterotypes shared by humans and great apes -- of paramount interest because these interactions are the ground zero of potential pathogens entering human bodies.

Partners

Centre Pasteur de Yaoundé Department of Virology

City University of New York, Lehman College Department of Anthroplogy

Hôpital Saint Louis Service de Microbiologie

IP-EPVO Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Institut Pasteur

IP-UEME Unité d'Epidémiologie des Maladies Emergentes, Institut Pasteur

IRD Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs:écologie, génétique, évolution et contrôle

SPHERE - Université Paris Diderot SPHERE - Sciences, Philosophie, Histoire – UMR 7219

University of California, San Francisco Departments of Laboratory Medicine & Medicine (Infectious Diseases)

University of Coimbra Department of Anthropology

UR2 Université Rennes 2

ANR grant: 498 962 euros
Beginning and duration: octobre 2014 - 36 mois

 

ANR Programme: Améliorer la Santé par la médecine personnalisée, le diagnostic, la prévention et la thérapie, les stratégies palliatives, en concevant le vivant dans son environnement (DS0402) 2014

Project ID: ANR-14-CE31-0004

Project coordinator:
Madame Tamara Giles-Vernick (Unité d'Epidémiologie des Maladies Emergentes, Institut Pasteur)

 

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The project coordinator is the author of this abstract and is therefore responsible for the content of the summary. The ANR disclaims all responsibility in connection with its content.